Structure, Organization, and Agency need to be analyzed if one wants to understand the provisioning process in capitalist economies. The interindustry dependencies shown in Input-Output tables, macroeconomic income flows, and money flows show some structures important for understanding capitalist economies. Business enterprises, government and quasi-government bureaus, and families are important organizations in such economies. Agency occurs, that is, decisions are made by individuals, in a context provided by such structures and organizations (Lee 2009).
Oligopoly involves a small number of firms maintaining special privileges in a market environment where other firms might enter (Rothschild 1993). Ever since the work of Joe Bain and Paolo Sylos Labini (Modigliani 1958), economists have analyzed oligopoly on the basis of Structure, Conduct, and Performance. The structure of a market is more or less stable in time, observable, and influences the conduct of market participants. Conduct includes the choice of which commodities to buy, the prices to post, decisions about advertisement, etc. Performance is a matter of comparing market results with some sort of ideally efficient results (Schmalensee 1987).
- Frederic Lee (2009) A History of Heterodox Economics: Challenging the Mainstream in the Twentieth Century, Routledge
- Franco Modigliani (1958) "New Developments on the Oligopoly Front", Journal of Political Economy, V. 66, N. 3 (June): pp. 215-232.
- Kurt W. Rothschild (1993) "Oligopoly: Walking the Sylos-Path", in Markets and Institutions in Economic Development: Essays in Honour of Paolo Sylos Labini (Edited by S. Biasco, A. Roncaglia, and M. Salvati), St. Martin's Press
- Richard Schmalensee (1987) "Industrial Organization", in The New Palgrave: A Dictionary of Economics (Edited by J. Eatwell, M. Milgate, and P. Newman), MAcmillan